Monday, June 29, 2009

India's Major contributions to the world

Ashoka Pillar, Vaishali, Bihar
 India- the great country in the Asian Continent, cradle of civilization, world's largest democracy has a long history to say. Let’s start a look on history from the dawn of civilization. What we achieved in this long flow of time? And what we gave to others in this flow? Let’s take look at the major contributions of ancient India to the world.

### "We owe a lot to Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made”: Albert Einstein.

### Indians are the first one to use rockets in war. It happened in the Mysore wars by Tipu Sulthan's army

### Four religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism are born in India

### Jaipur foots which are widely used as the artificial foots are built in India. [Jaipur Capital of Rajasthan]

### Kamasuthra the one of the most famous book in sex is written in India by Vatsayana

### Sanskrit mother of most of the Indo-Europe languages is originated from India; Tamil too originated from India, history of both of the language goes back to thousands of years in BC. Most widely spoken languages in the world Hindi, Bengali [both are among the top 5], Tamil are from India. In India there are 21 officially recognised languages, news papers in 87 languages, Radio programs in 71, films in 15.

### Ayurveda the world famous method in medicine was originated from India. Indians are the first to execute a Plastic surgery, cosmetic surgery done by Sushruta. Ashtagahrdaya, Charakasamhitha, Sushuruthasamhita are the most famous books.

### World's first University was established in Thakshila [around 700 BC], Nalanda [4th century BC] more than 10,500 students are studied in Nalanda over 60 subjects.

### The word navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word "Navigath", navy from "Nau". The art of Navigation was developed in the river Sindhu around 6000 years ago.

### The seven notes in music, sa, ri, ga, ma, pa, da, ni, sa is found in Manduki Siksha of Atharva Veda.

### Sage Bharadwaja presided over the symposium on medicinal plants in relation to diseases in 7 BC in Himalayan region.

### The earliest dam and reservoir for irrigation for Irrigation was built in Saurashtra.

### Baskaracharya's Suryasiddhantha and Arybatta's works put forward the theorem of revolution of earth and law of gravity. In Surya siddhantha Baskaracharya calculates the time taken for earth to revolve around the sun is 365.258756484. The period of one sidereal rotations given by Aryabatta [period of rotation of earth: 23hrs 56min 4sec .1fractions; modern value: 23hrs 56min 4sec .091 fractions]. India has given the world a system to measure the smallest [34000th of a second: Krati] and largest [4.32bn Years: Kalpa] measures of time

### Indian city of Varanasi also known as Benaras is one of the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.

### The earliest magic squares [4 * 4] are found in Kaksaputta, a text written by chemist and Philosopher Nagarjuna in 1 AD, they are called Nagarjuna in his honour.

### Zinc technology developed in India since 4th century BC culminating a large scale production in Zawar [Rajasthan] in the 14th century.

### Development of Iron technology in different parts of India starts from 1400BC onwards. Spectacular Iron pillars of Delhi, massive Iron pillars at Dhar [Madyapradesh] and Kodachadri [Karnataka] are great wonders. Indian wootz steel is exported to Middle East for making the famous Damascus swords.

### The development of Copper technology in India [especially Rajasthan, UP, Bihar] which reached it’s submitted on Guptha period [5th century AD]. India also makes a lot of contributions to Bronze, Brass, Gold, Silver, Lead and Tin.

### Mahatma Gandhi Introduced, non-violent form of protest known as Satyagraha.

### Indians calculated the value of pi in the first time.

### The game of Chess was originated in India.

[The above all things I published are correct to my knowledge and belief, If you want say anything about it, please leave it below as a comment, I will enlarge this post as I get new information]


Photo Courtesy: Wikipedia

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